Birth control pills are taken daily by mouth and are about 91% effective. They range from free to $50 for a monthly pack, depending on your health insurance.
The birth control shot is 94% effective against pregnancy and is taken on a set schedule — usually every 3 months.
The implant goes into the arm and is 99% effective. Depending on insurance, it can cost up to $1300 but lasts up to 5 years.
The IUD (Intrauterine Device) birth control method is 99% effective. It’s one of the pricier methods, capping out at about $1300 — but it can last from 3 to 12 years.
Condoms are a cost-effective way of birth control and are 85% effective.
These are a few metrics that can impact your personal fertility. Here are seven things you can monitor with your doctor in hopes of preserving your fertility:
It is a tool to help in the detection of changes in proteins, chromosomes, and genes in order to verify or disprove conditions and disorders. There are many reasons and times in one’s life they may get genetic testing, from diagnostic testing if exhibiting symptoms and carrier testing if the condition seems to run in the family — to prenatal testing performed on a pregnant person to the newborn screen.
Common conditions screened for during genetic testing are Patau syndrome (trisomy 13), down syndrome, and sickle cell anemia. Dive deeper into genetic testing.
While these birth control methods (and a dozen more) may prevent pregnancy, most methods do not prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), like HPV. Condoms are a low-cost, accessible, and great way to prevent STIs and STDs.
HPV (Human papillomavirus) is an STI with many different types, some of which cause cancers and genital warts — and some types that cause no symptoms at all. HPV is very common — in fact, it’s the most common STI in the U.S., with 43 million infections in 2018, says the National Cancer Institute. Although they may sound the same, HPV is not HIV or HSV (herpes). Fortunately, HPV vaccines can help prevent infection of the virus. There also is HPV immunity testing that looks for cervical infection by high-risk types of HPV that are more likely to cause pre-cancers and cancers of the cervix.
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